Storage of Construction Material- Steel Bars, Cement, Bricks & Aggregate At Construction Site

Storage of Construction Materials (Steel Bar) at Construction Site.

As we know that steel bars cover 25 -30% of the overall cost of the building so it is very crucial that steel bars must be handled and stored with precaution on the site. There are different processes or operations where laborers need to take care of steel bar such as unloading, Stacking, Cutting, Bending, Fabrication, etc. Reinforcement has the capability to resist lateral forces and provide strength and ductility to the buildings, so it is very necessary that all these loading and unloading operations should be done properly on site. Steel reinforcement is highly corrosion in nature when it comes to direct contact with water and moisture.

Following points to be considered during the Storage of Construction Materials i.e. Steel bars at the construction site:

  • A separate area with fencing wire should construct at the site in order to store the reinforcement.
  • Make ensure that area should be free from moisture and dust in order to avoid rusting.
  • Ensure that the storage area should have proper drainage facilities.
  • Steel bar should be stored on the basis of diameter and length in order to avoid confusion for identification.
  • All-steel bar tags or Mark should be at the same end because it will help the person to identify the particular Bars.
  • Place the steel Bars on wooden sleepers so that they cannot touch the ground.
Storage of Construction Materials
  • Cover the steel bar with a polythene sheet during nighttime that prevents the reinforcement from moisture.
  • In order to protect the steel bar from scaling and rusting, coat the steel reinforcement with cement wash.
  • If we stored the reinforcement for long period, then it should be stack at least 6 inches above the ground level.
  • There should be separate storage for cut pieces of steel.

Storage of Construction Materials (Cement) at Construction Site.

Storage of Construction Materials in such a way that it will prevent deterioration and also improves the quality of material and work. At the construction site, proper planning of stacking and storage of material should require. Not only Material but also construction components and equipment shall be stored properly. Stored Material shall be protected from rain, sun, winds, moisture in order to remove damages. On-site there are different wooden and inflammable materials such as timber; wooden planks, Paint, diesel, petrol, kerosene, etc should be stored in such a way that there may not be any chances of catching fire.

In this article, you will know the guideline or the techniques to be used for the stacking and storage of cement. Following are the guideline to be followed for the storage of cement.

  • Cement should be stored at the construction site only in an industrial shed or in a building. Ensure that the shed or building should be dry, leakproof, and having no moisture present. The shed or Building should have a minimum number of doors, close-fitting, and windows and keep closed as far as possible.
  • Cement Bags should be stacked off on wooden planks in order to prevent them from dampness or moisture. It should be store in such a manner that at any point in time it can be inspected by an individual.

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  • Cement shall be stored at least 6 inches to 8 inches above from PCC Bed or some alternatives like Two flat bricks or wooden planks can be used.
  • Stacked Cement Bags should be placed at a distance of at least 600 mm from all external walls.
  • Cement Bags should be kept close together in order to reduce the circulation of air as much as possible.
  • The stacked height of cement Bags shall not be more than 10 bags in order to prevent the chances of lumping up under pressure.
  • Stacked shall be stored in such a way that the First in First out (FIFO) system of materials issue can be adopted.
  • Cement shall be issued for construction only after testing and confirming the specification as per requirement.
  • Cement bags in store for more than 3 months shall be used only after testing and confirming with objectives.
  • There should be a gap of a minimum of 600 mm between two stacked cement Bags.
  • During the Rainy season or intend to store for a longer period in that situation, cement bags shall be covered with a polythene sheet.
  • Cement bags shall be stacked in a manner to facilitate their removal and use in the order in which they are received; a label showing date of receipt of cement bags shall put on each stage to know the age of cement.

Storage of Bricks at the construction site.

Stacking and storage of Bricks at the site involves proper planning for space and Location. The storage location of Bricks shall be near to the site because it will reduce transportation time. While allocating the place, make sure that there should be space for the vehicle to unload the Bricks. During unloading or handling of bricks, there is a possibility of damage to corners, edges, or other parts of the bricks that shall not be allowed. Following are the guideline to be followed for the storage and stacking of

  • Bricks should be stacked to a maximum height of 1 meter.
  • Bricks should be stack on a dry hard surface.
  • In order to reduce the breakage and defacement at the time of unloading, Bricks should be stacked in regular tiers.
  • Clay containing Bricks shall be immersed in water to prevent bursting.
  • Bricks should be stacked to a maximum of 10 Bricks in Height.

Also Read:

  • Bricks shall be stacked to 50 Bricks in Length and not more than 4 Bricks in width.
  • The Clear gap between the two adjacent Stacked Bricks should not be less than 800 mm.
  • Bricks of each tractor or Truck shall be stored in a separate stack.
  • On the basis of types such as clay bricks, fly ash bricks shall be stacked or stored separately.
  • Bricks of different classification based on strength and size shall be stacked separately.

Storage of Construction Materials (Aggregate) at the construction site.

Following are the guidance regarding stacking and storage of Aggregate at site.

  • Aggregate should be stored on a dry hard surface.
  • Aggregate shall be stored corrugated iron sheets, a wooden platform, concrete surface or floor of bricks, etc.
Storage of Construction Materials
  • There should be separate stacks for Fine aggregate and coarse aggregate.

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  • For Coarse Aggregate, the suggested size of stacks are as follows;
MaterialLength (m)Breadth (m)Height (m)
Coarse Aggregate220.5
or551
or510.5
  • For Fine Aggregate (sand), the suggested size of stacks are as follows;
Storage of Construction Materials
MaterialLength (m)Breadth (m)Height (m)
Coarse Aggregate220.5
or551
or510.5

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