Roof Types I Hip Roof I Gable Roof I Gambrel Roof I Mansard Roof

Roofs can be defined as the uppermost part of a building covered with a structural covering for protection against the weather. It is beautiful to have a roof with different shapes & geometry and covered with a variety of materials. Roofing materials must be chosen and designed based on the conditions of the climate and the surface to be covered

Requirement of a Roof

The type of roof for a building should be chosen after considering the climatic conditions as well as the material availability. In order for a roof to be well planned, it must meet the following requirements.

  • Water should not enter the structure and drainage should be efficient.
  • It should be strong and stable enough to support the dead and live loads.
  • Protecting the building from rain, sunlight, wind, etc. should be effective and durable.
  • The building should provide adequate thermal insulation.
  • It should be soundproof.
  • Ensure that it is well drained
  • It should be fireproof.
  • Water-proofing arrangements should be efficient.

Types of Roof

Generally, there are three types of roofs.

  • Pitched or Sloping Roofs.
  • Flat Roof.
  • Curved Roof.

In this post, I will give explanations of the different types of pitched roofs.

Pitched Roofs

Gable Roof

  • It is a common type of sloping roof which the slope is in two directions. The two slopes meet at the ridge.
  • When two pitch areas of the roof meet, it forms a triangle-shaped spot called a gable.
  • Among the most popular roof types in India, this is simple to construct, sheds water well, and offers good ventilation.
  • Typically, this type of roof is found on huts, private bungalows, villas, and chalets.

Hip Roof

  • This type of roof is formed by four sloping surface in four directions.
  • In hipped roofs, there are normally four sides, two of which are triangles, and two of them are trapezoids.
  • In high wind areas, these roofs are more stable than gable roofs.
  • During the warm summer months, the hip roof can provide extra shade due to the extra eaves on all sides.

Gambrel Roof

  • The roof slopes in two directions, like a gable roof, but there is a break in each slope. The slope of the upper slope is shallow, while the slope of the lower slope is steep.
  • The advantage of gambrel roof is to increase the height of headroom from inside the building.
  • Because of its design, it gives elegant aesthetic and permits for increase the space for storage or living space beneath its steeper sides.

Mansard Roof

  • This roof is similar to hip roof, having slopes in four directions but there is a break in each slope.
  • It is also similar to Gambrel Roof but difference is it has same profile on all sides.
  • Lowering a roof that would otherwise be very tall, they are able to maximize headroom in the upper floors

Deck Roof

  • Deck roofs have slopes in all four directions, like hip roofs, but a plane surface is formed at the top.
  • Types of Material ¬†used in Deck Roof are steel, concrete, cement, wood.
  • It is important to choose the right type of roof deck based on the weight. It is

Read Also:-

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *