Roof Types I Hip Roof I Gable Roof I Gambrel Roof I Mansard Roof

Roofs can be defined as the uppermost part of a building covered with a structural covering for protection against the weather. It is beautiful to have a roof with different shapes & geometry and covered with a variety of materials. Roofing materials must be chosen and designed based on the conditions of the climate and the surface to be covered Requirement of a Roof The type of roof for a building should be chosen after considering the climatic conditions as well as the material availability. In order for a roof to be well planned, it must meet the following requirements.…

10 Different Types of Stone used in Building

Types of Stone: In this article, you will learn the different types of Stone and their Applications, Compressive Strength, and other Properties. 1. Chalk                 It is pure white limestone and easy to form a powder. It is a sedimentary type of work. Chalk is used as a material for the manufacturing of Portland cement. 2. Basalt and Trap                 There are three types of Igneous rock i.e. Intrusive, Hypabyssal, and extrusive rock. A basalt and Trap rock comes under an extrusive rock. It is hard and tough in nature. The compressive strength of   Basalt and Trap range from…

Types of Wall- Curtain Wall I Shear Wall I Retaining Wall I Drop Wall

Types of Wall- Wall is defined as the superstructure elements that are built to divides the various rooms of the buildings. It is used for security purposes also. According to their functions wall is either a load-bearing structure or a non-load-bearing structure. It provides security, privacy, and protection against weather effects. Following are the types of wall generally used in modern construction Load Bearing Wall Partition wall Brick masonry Wall Course rubble stone masonry wall Retaining wall Curtain wall Parapet wall Shear wall Drop wall Compound or Boundary wall Precast wall Load Bearing Wall This wall is designed to transfer…

Composite Pile I Types I Advantage And Disadvantage

What is Composite Pile? Composite Pile: the Piles which is made up of more than one material such as concrete and steel, concrete and timber, etc. It was developed 60 years ago in order to provide an economical pile. It has one material in the bottom section and joined with another material in the top section. Types of Composite Pile Generally, there are two types of Composite piles are used i.e. Concrete timber Composite piles and Concrete and Steel Composite piles.  Concrete Timber Composite Pile In Timber & Concrete Composite Piles; the Timber section is generally suitable where there is…

Classification of Steel Sections

There are different steel section available in the market. In this articles you will know about the few steel sections. Beam, Column, Channel and Angle sections are classified as follows: Beams The Beam sections are classified as: Indian Standard Junior Beams (ISJB) Note: The Indian Standard Junior Beams (ISJB) are ISJB 150, ISJB 175, ISJB 200, ISJB 225. Indian Standard Light weight Beams (ISLB). Note: The Indian Standard Light weight Beams (ISLB) are  ISLB  75, LB 100, LB 125, LB 150, IS LB 175, ISLB 200, ISLB 225, LB 250, ISLB 275, ISLB 300, ISLB 325, ISLB 350, ISLB 400,…

What is Truss? Components of Truss

What is Truss? Truss is a structural member which is in the form of a triangle and connected together with pin joints. All the external forces (loads and reactions) must be applied only at either end of the member, resulting in either compression or tension force. All the joints in the truss members have pinned connections such that no shear or moment forces are transfer from member to member. Truss members are in the form of either tension or compression. Components of Roof Truss Span of Truss It is the distance between the Span of the two supports (i.e. Metal…

Unit Weight of Building Material: Dead Load of Material As per IS 875-(Part -1) – 1987

Hello friends, In this blog post I am going to explain the important unit weight/ Dead Load of different material that is used in buildings. First I would like to explain what dead load is. Dead Load of as structure means the self-weight of the structure. The dead loads i.e. weight of the load-bearing wall, Flooring Materials, roofing materials, the weight of wall partitions, etc. Loads due Brick wall shall be calculated on the basis of its length, width, thickness, and density of materials. Load due to flooring materials shall find out on the basis of thickness and unit weight…

What is Curing I Methods of Curing I Curing Period as Per IS Code I Importance of Curing

Curing is one of the processes that help to prevent moisture from the concrete. It is carried out after achieving the initial setting of concrete and striking off of formwork. Curing helps to keep the surface wet and moist in order to gain the desired strength of concrete. It shall be done to maintain the temperature of freshly placed concrete. Curing not only controls the moisture from the surface but also helps to reduce the plastic shrinkage and long term permeability of concrete. The American Concrete Institute (ACI) recommends a minimum curing period corresponding to attaining 70% of the compressive…

Types of Shallow Foundation I When to Use I Where to Use?

Introduction Foundation is the part of the structure which transfer the load of the superstructure to the ground. Foundation is the interlink between structure and ground. Shallow Foundation is constructed below the ground level in order to increase the lateral stability of the structure. All the weight of structure rest on the soil and its properties. One thing is important in foundations i.e. SBC. Soil Bearing Capacity (SBC) is defined as the amount of weight per unit the soil can bear. Soil Bearing Capacity depends upon the depth of soil. Higher the depth, greater will be the SBC. Why we…

Combined Footing: Types I Shape I When to Provide I Design Steps as per IS 456-2000

Introduction A thick reinforced concrete slab that is provided under the two columns is called combined footing. It is provided when the distance between the two columns is small and soil has low bearing capacity. Shape Rectangular and Trapezoidal footing. When to provide combined footing? IF the position of the column is nearer with each other, then there is a chance of overlap of footing. IF the anyone of the columns is located in the property line then footing in the direction cannot be extended so to make the footing stable against overturning, we combine the footing with the nearest…