### Gravity Load Transfer systems I Ribbed I Floor-Slab I Flat Slab

Gravity Load Transfer Systems: A three-dimensional structure makes up the building system. To make the work easy analysis and design, this system is designed as a two-dimensional system. The structure can be thought of as a pair of two-dimensional subsystems that predominantly exist in the horizontal and vertical planes. Thus, dividing a building into the Floor or Horizontal System and the Vertical or Framing System. Floor System A building’s floor system is used for resisting the gravity loads, which comprise both live and dead loads acting on the structure. This is then sent to the building’s vertical framing system.A horizontal…

### Lateral Load Transfer systems I Coupled Shear wall I Core Wall

There are two mechanisms to transfer the load into the building system as Gravity Load transfer mechanism and the Lateral Load transfer mechanism. In this article, I have discussed Lateral Load Transfer systems briefly. In an upcoming post, we will discuss Gravity load transfer systems. Lateral Load Transfer systems Lateral Load Transfer systems When lateral loads are applied to tall buildings, a lateral load-resisting system is necessary to keep the structure stable. Most lateral loads on buildings come from wind and earthquakes. Buildings are subjected to more horizontal loads as they get taller. Furthermore, as the height of the structure…

### Different Types Of Retaining Wall

A retaining wall is a structural element that is used to retain or hold back any material, usually soil, and prevent it from sliding away. This post will discuss different types of retaining wall, their components, and the various loads acting on them. Soil can be held at various levels on the two sides, and retaining walls are used to maintain soil laterally. Buildings called retaining walls are used to hold soil to slopes that it would not naturally follow (typically a steep, near-vertical, or vertical slope). Types of Retaining wall There are many distinct types of retaining walls, and…

### Components and Behavior of Cantilever Retaining wall

In this post, I have explained the components of a Cantilever wall and its behavior of wall. Components of Retaining Wall Stem It is the vertical part of the Cantilever retaining wall that supports the lateral earth pressure. It has a greater slenderness ratio. The upper portion of the stem is free and the Lower portion is attached to the bottom toe and heel slab. Sometimes the thickness of the stem is more at the base and less at the top, but generally, its thickness is uniform throughout the height of the stem. Toe The Toe slab is the right…

### Loads Acting on Cantilever Retaining Wall and Types of Failure

Loads Acting on Retaining Wall: Retaining walls may be susceptible to surcharge loads on top of the retained mass in addition to the retained backfill. The design should also take the location of the water table into account. The stem is also subjected to Concentrated loads at top of it. The retaining wall may be exposed to wind load when the stem rises above the backfill. According to earth pressure theory, the backfill imposes a triangle lateral pressure. A homogeneous rectangular pressure is created on the wall by the surcharge. The pressure on the water table is triangular. The higher…

### Top Eight Advantages of Revit Software for Structural Engineers

Revit: The Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) sector is currently undergoing a rapid shift. It all began with the release of AutoCAD in the 1980s, a piece of software that allowed engineers to produce intricate plans for building projects. This idea has evolved in recent years into something far more sophisticated, useful, and potent known as building information modeling (BIM). This kind of software employs cloud-based technology, 3D modeling, and parametric capabilities to provide precise modeling and cutting-edge collaboration features. AutoDesk, the firm that makes AutoCAD, produced Revit, one of the most well-known BIM software packages. While some engineers are…

### Roof Types I Hip Roof I Gable Roof I Gambrel Roof I Mansard Roof

Roofs can be defined as the uppermost part of a building covered with a structural covering for protection against the weather. It is beautiful to have a roof with different shapes & geometry and covered with a variety of materials. Roofing materials must be chosen and designed based on the conditions of the climate and the surface to be covered Requirement of a Roof The type of roof for a building should be chosen after considering the climatic conditions as well as the material availability. In order for a roof to be well planned, it must meet the following requirements.…

### Types of Wall- Curtain Wall I Shear Wall I Retaining Wall I Drop Wall

Types of Wall- Wall is defined as the superstructure elements that are built to divides the various rooms of the buildings. It is used for security purposes also. According to their functions wall is either a load-bearing structure or a non-load-bearing structure. It provides security, privacy, and protection against weather effects. Following are the types of wall generally used in modern construction Load Bearing Wall Partition wall Brick masonry Wall Course rubble stone masonry wall Retaining wall Curtain wall Parapet wall Shear wall Drop wall Compound or Boundary wall Precast wall Load Bearing Wall This wall is designed to transfer…