Roof Types I Hip Roof I Gable Roof I Gambrel Roof I Mansard Roof

Roofs can be defined as the uppermost part of a building covered with a structural covering for protection against the weather. It is beautiful to have a roof with different shapes & geometry and covered with a variety of materials. Roofing materials must be chosen and designed based on the conditions of the climate and the surface to be covered Requirement of a Roof The type of roof for a building should be chosen after considering the climatic conditions as well as the material availability. In order for a roof to be well planned, it must meet the following requirements.…

Comparison of Ordinary Portland cement And Pozzolana Portland cement

Comparison of Ordinary Portland cement And Pozzolana Portland cement: Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) is the most popular cement in the world, but Portland Pozzolana Cement has also gained popularity in recent years. OPC is the basic component used for concrete, mortars, stucco, and other construction materials that require cement. It is classified as hydraulic cement, meaning that it both hardens as a reaction to water but also becomes waterproof once it dries. In this article, you will learn about the Comparison of Ordinary Portland cement And Pozzolana Portland cement Comparison of Ordinary Portland cement And Pozzolana Portland cement Definition Ordinary…

10 Different Types of Stone used in Building

Types of Stone: In this article, you will learn the different types of Stone and their Applications, Compressive Strength, and other Properties. 1. Chalk                 It is pure white limestone and easy to form a powder. It is a sedimentary type of work. Chalk is used as a material for the manufacturing of Portland cement. 2. Basalt and Trap                 There are three types of Igneous rock i.e. Intrusive, Hypabyssal, and extrusive rock. A basalt and Trap rock comes under an extrusive rock. It is hard and tough in nature. The compressive strength of   Basalt and Trap range from…

How To Prepare M20 Grade of Concrete At Construction Site

M20 Grade of Concrete: In this article, you will know the Two methods for making M20 Grade of Concrete at the Construction Site. In the first method, we use the Measuring Box, and in the second method, we use Mortar Pan. Generally, these two methods are adopted nowadays. The standard Dimension of Measuring Box = 1 feet x 1 Feet x 1 Feet 3 inch (1′ x 1′ x 1.25′) Volume of Measuring Box = 1.25 CFT = 0.03539 cum. Now let’s find the Volume of 1 Bag of Cement. Density of Cement = 1440 Kg/m3 Weight of 1 Bag…

Storage of Construction Material- Steel Bars, Cement, Bricks & Aggregate At Construction Site

Storage of Construction Materials (Steel Bar) at Construction Site. As we know that steel bars cover 25 -30% of the overall cost of the building so it is very crucial that steel bars must be handled and stored with precaution on the site. There are different processes or operations where laborers need to take care of steel bar such as unloading, Stacking, Cutting, Bending, Fabrication, etc. Reinforcement has the capability to resist lateral forces and provide strength and ductility to the buildings, so it is very necessary that all these loading and unloading operations should be done properly on site.…

What is Galvanized Wire and Its Applications

Galvanized Wire and Its Applications Galvanized is a type of wire which is manufactured under the chemical process of galvanization. Galvanization is the chemical process in which zinc coating is done to steel or iron in order to prevent rusting. It is the most commonly used method of protecting rust from iron. It is manufactured with low carbon steel, having high tensile strength. Its thickness is measured in a Gauge. Zinc coating protects the surface from corrosion and weathering. The main disadvantage of galvanization is pointed below: Basically, it only protects the surface from corrosion for a short period of…

Top Important Formulas Used by Civil Engineer While Working at Construction Site -Part 1

In this article, you will learn the Top Important Formulas used by Civil Engineer While working at Construction Site. Important Formulas aids you to calculate the quantity of material, shuttering work, Skirting work, Plastering Work, Painting Work, Cornice work, etc. Important Formulas Rectangle Length of Rectangle = L. Breadth of Rectangle = B. Height of Rectangle = H. Formula Perimeter or Peripheral length (P) = L+ B +L + B =2 x (L + B). Area of Rectangle Cross-section = L x B. Area of Rectangle (A) = Peripheral Length x Height of Rectangle. Volume of Rectangle (V) = Area…

How to calculate the Number of Transit Mixer Required To Cast 1000 Sq. Feet Slab Area having 4″, 5″& 6″ Thickness?

If you are working as a Civil Site Engineer and you don’t know how many Numbers of Transit Mixer is required to cast the entire concrete slab then this article might help you. In this article, we will learn to calculate the Number of Transit Mixer Required to Cast concrete Slab. Read also:-How to Many Areas of 4″, 5″, & 6″ Thick Slab can be cast With One Transit Mixer Consider; Concrete carrying capacity of 1 Transit Mixer (TM) = 6 cum Area of Slab = 1000 Sq.Ft. Thickness of Slab (T) = 4″ = 0.34 Feet, Let’s calculate Concrete…

AAC Blocks, Cement, Sand Required For Block Work

In this article, we will learn to calculate the number of AAC Blocks, Cement, sand required for an Autoclaved Aerated Concrete (AAC ) Block Wall having 7 m Long, 3.2 m Height, and 0.15 Width. The block wall has a mortar joint of the cement-sand ratio of 1:4. The AAC block of Size 625 mm x 240 mm x 150 mm. How to Calculate the Number of Autoclaved Aerated Concrete (AAC) Blocks, Cement sand Required for Block work? Let’s First Calculate for 1 cum Blockwork. Volume of Block work = 1 cum. Size of Bricks = 625 mm x 240…

How to Many Areas of 4″, 5″, & 6″ Thick Slab can be cast With One Transit Mixer

Transit Mixer is a construction equipment that is used to transport the concrete or Mortar from the Batching plant to a construction site. It is mounted on a truck. The Concrete drum is fitted with a spiral blade and slowly rotates around its own axis so that concrete does not becomes solid. The concrete drum has a clockwise movement during the charging of concrete and anticlockwise movement during the discharging of concrete from the Drum.   The concrete carrying capacity of Transit Mixer available in the Market is ranging from 2 cum, 6 cum, 7.5 cum up to 10 cum.…